Anastrophe is a rhetorical term which we use in this book to distinguish stylistic inversion from other types of inversion. It denotes a departure from the fixed unemphatic word order by putting certain sentence parts in the strong (usually initial) position. Anastrophe gives prominence to the words thus placed and imbues the whole utterance with emotion. Typical cases of anastrophe are as follows: —
(1) the predicate expressed by the verb and postpositive is placed in the initial position: —
Up jumped Nqong from his bath in the salt-pan and shouted, "Yes, I will” (Kipling)
(2) the predicate expressed by the predicative and link verb is placed in the initial position: —
Fallen, fallen is Babylon, the great city.
(3) the predicate expressed by the finite verb is placed in the initial position (rare except in poetry): —
Flashied all their sabresbare,Flashed as they turned in air. (Tennyson)
(4) the direct object is placed in the initial position:—
The sorrow for the dead is the only sorrow from which we refuse to be divorced. Every other wound we seek to heal, every other affliction to forget; but this wound we consider it a duty to keep open, this affliction we cherish and brood over in solitude. (Irving)
an adverbial modifier and the predicate are placed in the initial position: — Then burst his mighty heart. (Shakespeare)
Anastrophe (from the Greek: ἀναστροφή, anastrophē, "a turning back or about") is a figure of speech involving an inversion of a language's ordinary order of words.
Famous poets use this figure of speech to convey and emphasize unusual and vivid images. The use of strong word association changes the mode of thought and adds variation, embellishment and adornment to literary works.
In Figurative Language we use words in such a way that they differ somewhat from ordinary every-day speech and convey meanings in a more vivid and impressive manner. Figures, like Anastrophe make speech more effective, they beautify and emphasize it in Rhetoric which is the art of speaking and writing effectively. Figures of speech such as Anastrophe use word association to convey emotion and mood often in a non-literal sense. Figures of speech such as Anastrophe adds adornment, beautifies, colors, elegant variation, embellishment, embroidery, emphasis, exaggeration, exclamation, flourish, floweriness, irony, lushness and luxuriance to the English language.
Примерыизтекста:Last words she ever said was-very slow.Used to make me little wigs, all colours, the latest fashions and all.Wild, he was, at the fright I had made of myself.Off we went; solemn little loves they were; each had a hand.Beautiful those donkeys were!