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9.Britain’s Prehistory.The Celts

Arrival of the Celts in Britain began in the 8th century. BC Spreading on the island, warlike Celtic tribes occupied the best territory, driving with them and subsequently assimilating much less developed primitive people, of which we know little (sometimes historians call him Beaker people or people of the Bronze Age). Celtic tribes led by their leaders divided island: Brigante (Brigantes) - in the north and center, Aisen (Iceni) - in the northeast, Kornovi (Cornovii) - in the center of England, Cornwall and elsewhere, Scots (Scotti) - on West of Scotland, Dobun (Dobunni) - in modern Cotswolds and Severn Valley ... Total, Britain and Ireland Russell about 50 Celtic tribes, in accordance with the list of Celtic tribes in Wikipedia. Celtic society was divided into three classes, with the servants know - warriors, druids - judges, teachers and priests, who also came from the nobility, and in fact many disenfranchised workers.

Celts who had moved to Britain, spoke dialects, which later became known as Breton (Brythonic) and Gaelic (Goidelic). Breton dialect is the basis of modern Welsh, Cornish and Breton languages, as occurred from the Gaelic Irish, Scottish and Manx gaelik languages.

Celts raised cattle and engaged in farming, growing wheat, oats, rye, millet, barley, beans, lentils and flax. From the latter made fabrics, and also benefit from valuable linseed oil, which is used in cooking and at the farm. In addition to bread - the main meal of the Celts in the diet of these ancient people were coming in meat animals or fowl, poultry, fish, honey, dairy products, as well as wild berries, plants, roots and nuts. Treated land plow, which harnessed cows. The most popular pets, along with cows, sheep were.

Celts created extensive settlements, which consisted of individual farms or small dereven.Kelty had developed written language, so preserved descriptions British Celts and their culture belong to a much more developed nations of the time - the Greeks and later the Romans.

British Celts both sexes dressed in blouses, on top of which wore simple tunics (dresses) sleeveless, gathered at the waist with a belt buckle. Outfit was completed mantle (long coat), which was fixed on the shoulder with a brooch or pin. Men wore pants that were tied tightly around his ankles. Celtic clothing was made of linen or wool and dyed available at the time of natural dyes. Was not rare clothing striped fabric or cell. Shoes, hats and cloaks made from the skin of pets. In the case were rare, and the skins of wild animals caught in hunting, as well as down and feather birds.


20.06.2014; 01:47
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