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8.The economic development inn the 16th

Throughout the XVI century, in England there was a steady population growth. If the beginning of the century its population was about 2.5-3 million people by the end - has about 4.1 million Especially rapidly growing urban population.

By the compactness of the country, between the major cities, market towns and rural settlements stretched the extensive network of communications, promote strong trade ties. The presence of the existing internal market - one of the factors contributing to the rise of the British economy in the first half of the XVI century.

The main branch of the English production was suknodelie. A wider range of fabrics: here wove cloth, coarse and fine, smooth and worsted (a nap), wool, cotton fabric imitating, etc.

At the end of the XV century. appeared large centralized manufactories labor for enterprises recruited from peasants who came to the city for work, children, the poor, women and impoverished urban artisans.

By the end of the century greatly increased the volume of production of silver, tin, lead, copper, mercury mines in Devon, Cornwall and Wales. England has become the biggest exporter of tin and lead in Europe. Improved quality and increased volume of cast iron and steel. In all these branches has spread Manufactory.


Great strides reached the British shipbuilding. Quality of military and merchant ships, has a high maneuverability, payload and well equipped with artillery, enabled England to become one of the leading maritime nations.


20.06.2014; 01:34
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Гуманитарные науки
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