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21. England and the French Bourgeois Revolution of 1798.

In 1787-1789 years. France was a revolutionary situation:
1) as a result of the influx of British goods, many manufactories dig (the industrial revolution in England);
2) of apprentices and workers began unemployment;
3) crop failure in 1788 caused high prices and food shortages;
4) urban unrest began against unemployment and rising food prices;
5) in the village resumed by peasants against feudal obligations;
6) could not continue to rule and power. Annual deficit in the royal treasury exceeded 80 mln.livrov and public debt reached
Rise to revolution:
For approval of new taxes, King Louis XVI convened the Estates General (300 - nobles, 300 -, and 600 from the clergy - from the Third Estate) May 5, 1789
Nobles, the clergy and the king stood for pososlovnoe vote, hoping to subdue activity Gen.shtatov. Third Estate rejected this principle, and proclaimed June 17 Gen.shtaty Constituent Assembly.
Government collected troops to disperse the meeting, but the struggle against absolutism rose masses.

Popular uprising July 14, 1789 and its consequences: 13 July in Paris uprising began. Bourgeois militia was formed, then received the name of the National Guard.
July 14 rebels captured the last stronghold of absolutism - the prison-fortress of the Bastille (waylaid by the rebels in the eastern part of the city center). Bastille fell (July 14 - a national holiday in France).
After the fall of the Bastille took place throughout France revolutionary wave. The country started the agrarian revolution. Owners manors fled to the cities. Peasants forced the Constituent Assembly proclaimed the abolition of the feudal system.

But have been canceled:
1) the personal obligations of the peasants;
2) boon.
But the inheritance of land subject to redemption. Thus, the agrarian question of the revolution was not fully resolved.

Declaration of the Rights of Man.
August 26, 1789 the Constituent Assembly adopted this Ordinance, which proclaims:
1) The source of power - a nation (not a king);
2) preservation of constitutional monarchy;
3) recognized liberty, property and resistance to oppression;
4) The right of citizens to participate in the publication of laws and the establishment of taxes;
5) freedom of conscience, speech, press;
6) Arbitrary arrests were forbidden


20.06.2014; 01:20
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