пользователей: 21209
предметов: 10450
вопросов: 177346
Конспект-online
зарегистрируйся или войди через vk.com чтобы оставить конспект.
РЕГИСТРАЦИЯ ЭКСКУРСИЯ

4.The etymological background of the English vocabulary. Native words in English.

Etymological review of English vocabulary. Native words.

Etymology is a branch of linguistics and extra-linguistics studying the origin of words, their change and development as well as linguistics and extra-linguistics causes modifying the structure, meaning and usage.

The term  Etymology is derived from Greek words: etymon ( the true, original meaning of the word), logos (science, learning).

Native words have a higher frequency than borrowed words. They occur in spoken and written speech. Some morphological classes of words are made up mostly of native words:

1) Articles

2) Pronouns (ecxpect they, their, them)

3) Propositions

4) Conjunctions

5) Numerals (1-100)

The native element in English vocabulary is mostly monosyllabic.

Native words show great word-building power and make up the majority of proverbs and set-expressions.

water – watering – waterfall – to water – waterproof

“Blood is thicker than water.”

“There is no use cry over split milk.”

The native element of the English contain group of classes:

1) Indo-European

2) Common Germanic

3) English proper

1) Indo-European words in English are the oldest one. They have the cognates in other Indo-European languages (Romance, Slavic, Germanic)

  • farther, mother, brother, son, bull, wolf, rose, heart, to sit, to stand, slow, red, 1-100

2) Common Germanic words have parallels in other Germanic languages (Norwegian, Dutch).

  • hand, season, eyes, rain, house, ship, hat, life, hope, to go, to tell, to see, to drink, to have, dead, green, gray, he, self, etc.

3) English proper words don’t have any parallels in other languages.

  • boy, girl, bind, always, word, etc.


14.01.2014; 23:44
хиты: 1608
рейтинг:0
для добавления комментариев необходимо авторизироваться.
  Copyright © 2013-2016. All Rights Reserved. помощь