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III семестр:
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10. Mood and modality. Grammatical and lexical means of expressing conceptual modality.

Mood is a grammatical category which indicates the attitude of the speaker towards the action expressed by the verb from the point of view of its reality. There are 3 moods: the imperative( order), the indicative( fact) and the subjunctive mood(hypothesis).

Modality - verbs which help you to express need, possibility, ability, necessity, advice etc.

Grammatical means: modal verbs.

Lexical means: modal verbs expressing -

  • certainly - surely, certainly, of course, absolutely
  • supposition - perhaps, possibly, maybe, probably
  • whether the speaker considers the action desirable or undesirable - happy, perfectly, naturally, actually, luckily, basically


29.05.2014; 23:16
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